Slide199

http://zone2source.net/nl/home/

Slide200

Slide199

At some points in your life your larger concern confluences with your personal situation. Metaphorically, I have lost ground beneath my feet, sure, I run everyday on different grounds around the globe to stay connected, and running induces feelings of lightness and freedom. In other words, it feels good to realize that you really don’t need much to stay healthy and happy and that minimizing your ecological footprint supports your larger concerns for sustaining human life on this planet. But rootlessness also begs questions.

Like some great men and women who gave up their material possessions to dedicate their lives to a social cause, I come from a privileged background. But, unlike those men and women, I lack their wisdom and focus; I have a hard time feeding my (scientific) beliefs. In this process of increasing lightness, there is also hope of attaining greater insight, especially if you can metaphorically match your situation to your cause. However, along with it is an increasing nagging question: is it just a process of emptying. Am I just becoming a depleted soul?

What is the route to replenishment for soils and souls?

Slide83

Slide82

This afternoon I went with one of the millers to the farmer who cultivates the spelt. On his farm, spelt started as marginal crop, in an effort to create a unique local product, based on collaboration between farmer, mills, and bakeries. The spelt is good, the mills are doing their work, however, the bakeries may be the weak link, according to the miller. Spelt requires a different way of making bread; it contains less gluten, and needs experimenting. The consumer so far is enthusiastic and this may be due to the potential health benefits and the fact that ‘local’ sells. It is nice to know your farmer, your miller, and your baker and their dedication to the product.

For anyone who wishes to experiment making spelt bread, here is a recipe from Pompeii,

Watch the video at:

http://www.britishmuseum.org/whats_on/past_exhibitions/2013/pompeii_and_herculaneum/pompeii_live/live_event/bread_recipe.aspx

 

Slide046

Slide047

Slide197

Slide198

Slide199

Slide099

Slide100

I recommend:  The Cloud Collector’s Handbook, written by Gavin Pretor-Pinney, enjoyable in rural and urban settings.

Slide046

Slide047

Slide047

Slide048

Slide049

Slide095

Slide096

http://www.molendevalk.nl/

http://www.oergezondlekker.nl

Slide095

http://ec.europa.eu/agriculture/events/dairy-conference-2013_en.htm

Slide096

Slide097

http://agritrade.cta.int/Agriculture/Commodities/Dairy/USDA-assessment-of-the-impact-of-quota-abolition-on-the-French-dairy-sector (impact of aboltion global scale)

http://agritrade.cta.int/Agriculture/Commodities/Dairy/Expanding-Dutch-corporate-involvement-in-local-milk-procurement-in-Nigeria

 

Slide098

 

http://www.fao.org/ag/agp/AGPC/doc/Counprof/nigeria/nigeria.htm

https://ilri.org/InfoServ/Webpub/fulldocs/South_South/Ch19.htm

Slide007

Slide008

Slide009

I moved into the windmill, located within the Ruige Weide polder. From this perspective I hope to gain better understanding of the Dutch planning mind and the dynamic relationships between rural and urban areas that are played out in this process. Is it about food, landscape, recreation, and/or else?

To get your feet wet, you can read about the Delta metropolis:

http://www.deltametropool.nl/nl/association

http://www.deltametropool.nl/nl/veenweidegebieden (report in Dutch)

http://www.deltametropool.nl/v1/pages/english/Deltametropolis.php

http://www.oma.eu/projects/2002/delta-metropool/

 

Slide007

Today I move into “the green heart” of the Netherlands

http://www.groenehart.nl/over-het-groene-hart/nationaal-landschap

Slide180

During this year, declared by the United Nations as the International Year of Family Farming, in recognition of the importance of family farming in global food security, the goal is to “promote new development policies…that will help smallholder and family farmers eradicate hunger, reduce rural poverty and continue to play a major role in global food security through small-scale, sustainable agricultural production.” It sounds fantastic, but in this moment it is still hard for small farmers to make ends meet, even to apply for subsidies because they are…too small! If one outcome of this declared year of FF is that farmers are given a voice, it will be is a step in the right direction. One such voice was heard last weekend in the New York Times, with the title: “Don’t Let Your Children Grow Up to Be Farmers” (Aug 9, 2014) arguing that while local food is celebrated widely, those who do the work of growing this food are not making any money. This is not the first and only voice expressing this concern, and more so, my own experience has given me a clearer idea of the challenges in sustainable farming, where many farming families have to tap into supporting income sources to make ends meet.

http://www.ifad.org/events/iyff/

http://www.fao.org/docrep/004/y1669e/y1669e0c.htm

Slide81

Slide181

So what is the importance of smallholders and family farming in global food security and should we care? If I have learned one thing by spending time and energy at organic farms is that you enter a DIFFERENT DIMENSION OF TASTE, inspiring of something bigger. The incredible intensity and variety of flavors is something experienced close to the source, and many of the products cannot be entered into the market because of local, regional and international food policies and guidelines. It is this we should be concerned about, the imminent loss of the FLAVOR of this world, now associated with the care and dedication of small scale and family farming, will be gone if this is no longer possible. Food makes the [human] world go round, great tasting food exalts us. Now that is BIG.

Slide182

Slide183

http://www.punpunthailand.org

see also post July 24

Slide199

Slide200

Slide201

Slide202

 

Slide80

No this is not about some exotic way to unearth precious mushrooms in the Dutch polder land. It is a translation of the names of the two dogs I am currently looking after, Truffel & Bliksem. They are super sweet and funny, and each has a distinct but very different character, behaving together like an old, odd couple.

Animals (and plants) can teach us valuable lessons, at least that is the idea of the fable, in which anthropomorphized animals, plants, and inanimate objects take on human qualities to reflect something back to us. Living with Truffel and Bliksem has been very enjoyable, but also confronting. Like living in an animated fable, they have shown me, and taught me something about myself, especially regarding my recently ended long-time relationship.

When it is time to move on, I will remember Truffel and Bliksem, they will guide me on the road ahead.

Slide78

Slide79

Slide140

Slide141

Visit this website

http://www.kookhistorie.nl/

maintained by Marleen Willebrands,  some enjoyable reading and recipes, from De Verstandige Kock (1669), Een notabel boecxken van cokeryen (ca. 1514) and much more…

Slide043

Slide045

Slide044

 

This is a very nice historic village, the main village of what used to be Shermereiland (Schermer island). situated between two lakes, De Schermer and De Beemster. Before it was pumped dry this area used to thrive on whaling. What I learned today is that there is a difference between a polder and a droogmakerij. Given that this region was marshland below sea level, a polder is created when this land is pumped dry. A droogmakerij on the other hand is a lake that is pumped dry, and in this case the land that was thus created by pumping De Schermer and De Beemster, was lower than the surrounding land. All designed and supervised by Leeghwater.

I pick up some maps and information at the local tourist information and plan to run the walking route that circles the former Schermer eiland, renamed as Eilands polder. Running in this land is not the most exciting, but it is green and because very few people are walking, the trails over the dykes are quite nice. When I get FIVE windmills within my Field of View, I start to warm up to Leeghwater’s land, also helped by warmth of the sun.

Slide046

The Dutch are very proud of the geometric design of this land and this is also mentioned as outstanding universal value in the UNESCO description. From an engineering perspective this system of windmills and canals is impressive, however, in the back of my mind I think the Mesoamerican cities served as prototypes or at least inspiration. The Dutch however seem to have appropriated the geometric STIJL as part of their character.

What may be more innovative about this project is how it was funded. Wealthy merchants from Amsterdam invested in this project and after completion each of them received a piece of agricultural lands based on the proportion of their investment, based on proto- crowd funding.

When I get to Schermerhorn I really want some food, but there is no grocery store, no other choice than to keep running. It is not that far, less than 10, but when I get to De Rijp I’m thinking food and fail to watch the uneven bricks in the road, I trip and make a slider. This is not even downhill! Where such thing usually happen. Oh well, story of my life, you fall, get back up, check your wounds, and keep running…. The bike ride back was sunny and dry, with fluffy clouds in the sky.

Slide047

 

http://whc.unesco.org/en/statesparties/NL/

http://www.landvanleeghwater.nl/

http://www.molendatabase.nl/nederland/

 

 

Slide192

Slide77

In this day and age, the Digital Age, many believe that new technologies are instrumental in breaking boundaries, forge different partnerships, and establish new democracies. Although the way we now communicate with each other is revolutionary and changes the way we maintain social relationships, it is not unprecedented. The developments during 16 and 17th centuries were also supported by a revolutionary communication tool, namely the printing press. Beside books and maps, it was also used to print and disseminate propaganda material and pamphlets at scales never possible before.

Benjamin Schmidt, in his book Innocence Abroad: the Dutch Imagination and the New World, 1570-1670, presents an interesting idea regarding the use of such propaganda material. It goes something like this: In these pamphlets, the Dutch appropriate the position of the underdog – namely by identifying with Native Americans – in an effort to stand up to the Spanish (Catholic) domination, the Protestant could act as allies. In doing so, they paved the way for justifying dominance in trade relations with peoples in the Americas, whether peaceful or NOT.

It is time for me to delve deeper in the polder mentality…

 

 

Slide007

Slide008

Slide009

Slide010

Slide011

Slide007

Maybe I feel this way because I am putting of my long run in the polder for a few days, my calves felt a little tight, and since my goal is to keep running and not run myself into the ground, I thought it be wiser to stick to regular daily doses. This morning however everything was running smoothly, taking some soggy pasture paths for variation.

Dia1

Stop every now and then to take your share of wild vegetables. I am also feasting on the sage in the garden. Great for making tea in support of the respiratory system!

Slide008

Slide007

Slide009

Slide010

To learn about mills in the Netherlands:

http://www.molendatabase.nl/nederland/

To read some heritage recipes from even before the time of the windmills visit:

http://landentuinbouw.spinazieacademie.nl/

 

Slide004

Mmmm, the fruit is the garden is ripening and is getting some color.

Slide005

Last year in Hungary, picking my daily apple from the trees.

Slide76

Long ago, we always had a crate with apples from the nearby orchards,

and could eat as many as we liked.  Now the local tree is a luxury.

Slide161

Slide75

Slide162

Slide142

Slide143

Slide144

 

to read about the benefits of forest bathing visit:

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2793341/

 

Slide158

Slide159

Slide142

Slide143

Slide144

http://www.maastrichtuniversity.nl/web/Main/Research/ResearchUM/FirsteverPublicTastingOfLabgrownCulturedBeefBurger.htm

http://waag.org/en/news/vitro-meat-cookbook-development

http://www.wageningenur.nl/en/Expertise-Services/Facilities/AlgaePARC.htm

Slide123

Slide74

http://wilde-planten.nl/

Slide141

Slide142

Slide73

Also, check out “de Keuken van het Ongewenst Dier”

http://www.wherethefoodis.nl/de-keuken-van-het-ongewenste-dier/

http://kvhod.blogspot.nl/

 

Slide031

Slide032

Slide033

Slide034

Slide070

Slide072

http://kokopelli-semences.fr/

http://www.europarl.europa.eu/news/en/news-room/content/20140307IPR38202/html/MEPs-reject-draft-seed-regulation

http://www.seedvalley.nl/

http://pinto.azurewebsites.net/

Slide070

Slide071

http://www.najk.nl/uploads/media/WiewilernogboereninNederland.pdf

http://www.organic-europe.net/country-info-netherlands.html

http://www.punpunthailand.org/

 

 

Slide070

Slide071

Slide072

The fruits in the garden are not ripe yet. To get my daily dose of green for health and wellbeing, I just go for a run outside, green is not just processed through the digestive system, but also through the eyes, and other senses. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2760412/

Slide005

Slide006

Slide068

Slide069

Slide070

https://www.academia.edu/5334114/Food_scarcity_as_a_trigger_for_civil_unrest

Slide029

Slide030

Slide031

Support Runners

http://www.tierranativa.org/en/index.php

http://www.carlyleobserver.com/article/20140718/CARLYLE0101/307189990/-1/carlyle/lance-runners-honoured-as-north-american-indigenous-games-are-set-to

http://borderlinesblog.blogspot.nl/2013/06/the-tarahumara-arent-running.html

 

Slide029

Slide030

Slide031

Slide005

Slide006

Slide007

Slide008

Slide025

Slide026

 

http://edepot.wur.nl/110211

Slide025

Slide72

http://www.veluwezoom.nl/informatie/kidsengezinnen/index.php

Following the trail I run along a fantastic dune formation, where a crow is perched on a dead tree nearby. Running is such a great way to take in the sounds, smells, and sights, with heightened senses. Not only is this my perception, but it is also likely that your senses may benefit in other ways. A recent study in the Journal of Neuroscience reported that running and exercise potentially affect retinal health, in other words, running means seeing better longer. The research was discussed in an article in the New York Times, (march 26, 2014) under the title, “Exercising for Healthier Eyes.” EXERCISE YOUR SENSES can thus be done in multiple ways!

Slide025

Slide70

Slide69

Slide68

https://www.natuurmonumenten.nl/natuurgebied/de-veluwe

Slide109

Slide110

The garden is open to the public and there are plans to create a new section, growing and showing edible plants. Whether or not these plants can then be sourced on the Veluwe for the dinner plate is not clear yet.

https://www.ivn.nl/afdeling/oost-veluwezoom

Slide109

Slide111

Slide108

Slide053

Slide054

Slide055

http://med.stanford.edu/news/all-news/2012/09/little-evidence-of-health-benefits-from-organic-foods-study-finds.html.

http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2014/jul/11/organic-food-more-antioxidants-study

Slide025

 

Slide026

Slide051

http://www.organic-europe.net/country-info-netherlands.html

While working on farms in Europe, a common question was why Dutch produce was dominating the supermarket, especially with products that are easy to grow –bell peppers in Hungary, tomatoes in Italy– and arguably better tasting when grown locally in those countries.

Slide052

In addition to this market domination in produce, the Dutch are also specialized in seed breeding. While most people are familiar with Monsanto and problems of patenting and licensing seeds in the United States, not many know what is happening in the “SEED VALLEY.” While I consider rural heritage in the coming weeks, the role that the Dutch agricultural business plays on the European scene is worth looking into.

http://www.greenportnhn.nl/zaadveredeling-1

http://www.limagrain.nl/web/Algemeen/Bedrijf.htm

For more information  and the Dutch position, revisit Philip Howard’s graph: https://www.msu.edu/~howardp/seedindustry.html

Slide005

Slide006

In anthropology, we can use the term ‘built environment’ to indicate human intervention in the land, and this can range from ephemeral elements to large urban areas. As a concept it is useful to understand the range of landuse as an integrated whole. At the Biennale, the majority of projects are –still– focused on built environment as buildings. Only in a few cases was the larger landscape /rural region at the forefront.

Cultural heritage and preservation efforts (supported by UNESCO) have also long been dominated by large monuments and sites, but as mentioned in earlier posts, this is changing with the recognition of intangible heritage. Even the upcoming conference of the International Council of Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS), a professional association dedicated to the conservation and protection of cultural heritage places around the world, is centered on Heritage and Landscape as Human Values. http://florence2014.icomos.org/en Thinking about this is part of my upcoming writing task.

Slide005

Leaving Venice today. The visit was short and… well, nice, since cities are not my ‘natural habitat’. Venice of course is an incredible city, founded in the 5th century it became one of the greatest capitals of the medieval world, now enlisted on the UNESCO world heritage list of sites and monuments. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/394. It is under threat, as it is well-known that Venice is sinking, the anthropogenic causes (ground water pumping) have been addressed but natural causes are still at play ,http://www.nature.com/srep/2013/130926/srep02710/full/srep02710.html.

Then there is something else. My host lives and works in the center, near Rialto bridge and has a long family history in the city, but these days he feels he is living in a Disney world, in a city frozen in time. Even the Biennale events to him feel more like amusement spectacles than serious art fairs they intended to be…

Slide022

Slide65

Today I have time for a moderate run (2hrs), and explore the labyrinth that is Venice, configured by the flow of its water. As usual, I don’t take any orienteering devices, but a paper map. Venice is nice city to get lost, eventually you will get to the edge, and while ‘running wild’, it is easy to see lesser-known parts of Venice. Running around, I’m contributing to the flow.

Slide66

and the well-known, but different time..

Slide023

Slide64

The rest of the day, I get into the spirit of place (also literally: Genius Loci (Spirit of Place) exhibition at Palazzo Franchetti.)

Slide67

 

Slide005

Before I came to Venice I thought about Modernity and about the new museum I visited in Como recently dedicated to the works of Sant’Elia, who was the star architect of the Futurist Movement. I always loved his drawings, yet glad that the Futurists’ plans for new cities were not realized. I was therefore surprised that in Como there is an impressive – lakseside– war monument designed by Sant’Elia. He died in La Grande Guerra, as the first world war is referred to, especially in Northern Italy, and many war ruins near Trento remind of the fierce battles that took place over the Austrian- Italian border. http://antoniosantelia.org/

Slide006

Yesterday, I visited the Arsenale, one of two main venues of the Biennale, which this year is dominated by monditalia, a scan. Taking Italy as a ‘fundamental’ country this exhibition shows 41 architectural case studies of young architects and researchers, spread over the Italian continent, organized geographically from south to north. The Alps are last. The study investigated the mapping of the border across the Alps, and especially its difficulties. These days satellite technologies make mapping easier, however, new challenges arise. The melting of the glaciers make that the surface of the earth across the Alps is changing at rapid rates. Borders have to be newly negotiated.

Slide007